A dentist is a medical health professional who provides care for the
dental organ, jaws, and adjoining tissues. The specialty is odontology, dental
surgery or dentistry. In France, there are currently more than 40,000 dentists.
They are not doctors, strictly speaking, since they follow different studies
from those of a doctor in a faculty of odontology.
On average, a dentist sees about 850 patients in a year and receives 260,000 euros in fees. With more than 1,400 annual patients per person, dentists in Mayotte are by far the most in demand, followed by Norman and Picard dentists. On the other hand, a dentist in Corsica with more than 600 patients treats the least.
If the vast majority of French people have a good image of their dentist, about 30% do not consult often enough because they are afraid. Finally, 30% of French people do not have a reference dentist. Of these, about 40% prefer to consult the person who will receive them the fastest.
of dental surgery is probably not the best way to gain public recognition.
Although … Thanks to extra-professional exploits, some dentists or apprentice
dentists have become world famous personalities.
Therefore, here we have a list dentists that are (more or less) famous:
Laurent Mourguet, born March 3, 1769 in Lyon (parish of Saint-Nizier) and died December 30, 1844 in Vienna in Isère, is a French puppeteer, creator of the famous Guignol.
Born in a family of canute laborers, Laurent Mourguet has several trades (forain, merchant …) before becoming a tooth scraper in 1797. As was customary, dentists ( geoallo dentiste ) of the time exercised their art on public squares, fairs and made their patients believe that grubbing up would be painless, hence the expression “lying like a tooth-puller” that existed as early as the end of the 17th century1. In the same vein, Laurent Mourguet diverts the attention of his clients by a puppet show inspired by the Italian theater (Harlequin, Polichinelle and the other characters of the commedia dell’arte).
French rugby player born in 1955 having played from 1969 to 1989 at RC Toulon as scrum half. He reported 27 selections in the French team from 1978 to 1986. He ended his sports career in 1989 and resumed his dental surgeon activity that he continues to practice in his office in Toulon.
Other players have combined international professional rugby and dental surgery: Rodrigo Roncero (Argentine having played in France) and Jacques Rougerie (father of Aurélien Rougerie).
Jacobus Van Nierop: the famous horror dentist
A Dutchman dubbed the “dentist of horror” who was been sentenced to eight years in jail in France for mutilating the mouths of some 120 patients.
Jacobus van Nierop, 51, “took pleasure” in causing horrific injuries to patients in the small central town of Chateau-Chinon, prosecutors said.
He was banned from practicing dentistry and fined €10,500 (£8,140; $11,900).
Van Nierop fled to Canada when suspicions arose, there he was arrested in September 2014, attempting to kill himself. Extradited to the Netherlands, Mr. Van Nierop, said he killed his first wife, he played madness, he said he was transsexual … he played it all for the whole to avoid his return to France
The court in the central French town of Nevers heard that patients had suffered broken jaws, recurrent abscesses and septicemia from van Nierop’s work. He had drugged patients then mutilated them as they slept in his dentist’s chair.
Prosecutor Lucile Jaillon-Bru said van Nierop had carried out “useless and painful procedures”.
She said his aim had been to earn money through claiming on patients’ medical insurance schemes and to take “pleasure at causing pain”.
Van Nierop had admitted responsibility, saying he “wasn’t interested in people” and could not remember his patients. One 65-year-old victim said van Nierop had pulled out eight of her teeth in one sitting, telling judges she was “gushing blood for three days… and had no teeth for a year and a half”.
Van Nierop appeared to show no emotion during the trial, replying mostly with “no comment” to any questions.
His defense argued he was suffering “psychological problems”. One expert said Van Nierop’s “narcissistic tendencies” had stripped him of any moral judgment but another said that he was “perfectly aware of what he was doing”.
Van Nierop was arrested in France in June 2013, after the number of his victims passed 100. However, he fled the country before his trial was due to start in December that year. He was tracked to a small town in the Canadian province of New Brunswick and arrested under an international warrant.
Van Nierop was many people’s worst nightmare, the BBC’s Hugh Schofield says.
Like many parts of rural France, Chateau-Chinon is badly served for medical provision, adding that locals initially seemed delighted by the hard-working and smiley dentist, a larger-than-life character who witnesses said was rarely seen without his “big 4×4, a big dog and a big cigar”.
But then the horror stories began. People said they had had teeth ripped out for no reason – they had been given heavy anesthetic, then left with abscesses and infected gums.
In 1740 a rather curious question arose for the exercise of dentistry. A young woman from Paris, Madeleine-Francoise Calais, who needed to make a living, had, from her eighteenth year in 1732, resolved to become “an expert on teeth. She had spent three years with the practitioner Gérandly as an “apprentice”, then worked at the same boss as an employee and almost associated with the universal satisfaction and applause of the public. “
In 1740, when she was twenty-seven, the young operator, who had all confidence in her knowledge, decided to practice her art more independently, and to achieve this result, she proposed to pass the exam made compulsory by the statutes of the community of surgeons: once received, she was determined to practice her profession under her name.
She successfully passed the tests and was “unanimously approved. But her judges were scrupulous: there had never been a “girl reception” in these ancillary medical professions (except in the case of midwives). There was indeed no obstacle in the very content of the statutes, which, naturally, did not foresee the case and did not object to it. Nevertheless, the surgeons hesitated and decided to address the general prosecutor of the parliament of Paris, Guillaume-Francois Joly de Fleury, to decide the question.
Calais addressed a petition to the magistrate, in which she made a clear statement of the affair and claimed rights, which seemed quite legitimate, for – “without taking any consequences” – to be received “mistress-dentist”, to exercise without hindrance her profession, by having the privileges and by submitting to the strict laws, required by the regulations. It should be noted that Madame Calais did not want to go to school, and only wanted to remain extraordinary.
The Attorney General carefully studied the case, which was so new and had important social consequences. He spoke to the skills. Besides, the postulant, whose talents were known and appreciated, found protectors, probably among her clients. A prosecutor in Parliament, Pelletier, and one of Louis XV’s valets de chambre, Gabriel Bachelier – letter of October 8, 1740 – intervened on his behalf.
For its part, the king’s surgeon, La Peyronie, consulted by the examiners, initially estimated the unacceptable request – letter of October 21, 1740. To allow this innovation, he declared, a decision of Parliament was to be made, but, on the other hand, he recognized that the measure, by becoming generalized, might enable intelligent and hardworking women to live, “that necessity, for want of legitimate means, may be cogit ad turpia. Was this great surgeon not a feminist before the letter?
Joly de Fleury
continued to be hesitant. But Bachelier insisted. “To remove the small
scruples of indecency that could be done,” he observed that the birth
attendants operated “without the fair sex frightened”, it was
therefore natural to allow girls to treat the teeth of individuals of both
sexes. The Attorney General was impressed by this reasoning. Moreover, he saw
Madame Calais, and if he noticed that “his youth and his pleasure”
could serve as arguments against his demand, he must also have recognized that
“his maintenance, his physiognomy, his speeches proclaimed wisdom and
In short, he became supportive of the demand and wrote a report to that effect. The magistrate recognizes that it would be unfair to make the supplicant lose the benefit of her studies and the expenses she had incurred. Moreover, if it did not seem that the object of the surgery was of a nature to be exercised by women, certain specialties, not requiring the qualities of strength, necessary to the operations, could suit them and all the more that the art of the dentist consisted less in healing than in “maintaining cleanliness” by the use of hygienic procedures, a work requiring only a mediocre capacity and a little skill, which is very often encountered in female personalities, explains Joly de Fleury. Finally, he added that women had always been allowed to devote themselves to the visual arts and that “the Sisters of Charity” practiced bleeding, an operation that required performance skills.
A judgment was then rendered, and the first dentist was able to exercise his art in complete tranquility.
public danger, a well-known who is famous for his advertisements at the Marc Tremblay
Implantology Center was urgently removed by his professional order, which
considers him a treat to the public.
The facts reproached to Marc Tremblay give cold in the back. The co-owner of the clinic, which has often been advertised in the media, would have endangered a patient by using too much anesthetic, failed to deal with an infection and used water Bleach for treatments deemed out of the ordinary. Here is the summary of the story of three patients who were seen by Dr. Tremblay:
- One patient visited the clinic several times between March and November 2016 for treatment. Despite the presence of irritation, the dentist did not recognize the presence of cancerous lesions. It is only after months and complaints of pain of the patient that he notices the presence of white spots. A biopsy will confirm that it is a stage 4 cancer. The man is operated on in December to remove the tumors and he will remain two weeks in intensive care. He has had some after-effects since he is having trouble swallowing properly.
- A lady who was treated in 2011 continues to experience numbness in her mouth today. Dr. Tremblay has installed five implants. He later removed two of them and said that it was possible for the sensation in his mouth and chin to return to normal. In vain. Another specialist confirmed that numbness would be permanent.
- Another patient complained of abuse; it would have failed to seal an implant. An expert report requested by the syndic of the College of Dentists reports treatments beyond his expertise and two unnecessary surgeries.
In the case of
both patients, the dentist used bleach to irrigate around the implant, a
procedure deemed out of the ordinary and dangerous according to expert reports
filed in evidence. He is also criticized for being too late before recommending
specialists to his patients.
“The conduct of the respondent observed mainly between 2012 and 2018 is disturbing and serious,” the members of the Discipline Committee wrote in their decision.
Dr. Tremblay did not oppose his temporary removal. Her lawyer, however, tried to prevent the cancellation notice from being published, as is the usual procedure. She said she was worried that it would hurt potential buyers in the clinic as well as those who continue to practice there. The request was rejected.
A dentist who
gives a smile to the needy. He convinced 60 practitioners to mobilize to repair
the complete mouths of patients in financial difficulty. Beyond the aesthetic
dimension with the goal to help them find a job.
For its third edition, the French Association of General Practitioners Practicing Implantology, organized the operation “one day, a smile”, under the leadership of Dr. Jean-Louis Zadikian. For three days, members of the association came to treat free of charge patients unable to pay for treatment.
Patients left with resin teeth and then came back a few months later to put the ceramic teeth. Such dentition cost about 40,000 euros and require 4 hours of intervention for dentists and 3 hours for prosthetics.
A woman, Ghislaine, previously treated also came to accompany the patients. This nurse had severe teething problems and could not stand the denture that made her nauseous. Since she works in a pediatric ward, she could not work without teeth. But she did not have the means to pay for implants. The association allowed him to smile again and continue working. “The goal is really to promote a return to employment” says Dr Jean-Louis Zadikian.
Dr. Zadikian has developed a technique to place implants on a complete mouth in just one day. He has been practicing this method for 13 years and trains other doctors, including a Brazilian university teaching these techniques. “My only regret is not having been able to treat more people,” said Jean-Louis Zadikian.